exploring cocoa farm land use in the west african

External perspectives

West African perspectives People along the cocoa supply chain from farm to port have with great patience and clarity helped me to see what child labor looks like from their points of view embedded within the rural realities that define their lives and livelihoods

How Plant Science Is Helping Cocoa Farmers in West Africa

Jun 15 202070% of global cocoa is produced in West Africa but more than 80% of its consumers are in Europe North America and Asia – Africa consumes less than 4% of cocoa products cocoa production in West Africa faces numerous biotic and abiotic threats in addition to the use of low yield varieties poor agricultural practices and aging farms

Governance of zero deforestation cocoa in West Africa: New

Cocoa from this region is grown primarily on small family‐owned farms the West African cocoa belt comprises about 2 million smallholders who depend on cocoa sales for food and income security (Kroeger Bakhtary et al 2017 Schroth et al 2016)

7 Famous Brands That Use Child Slaves To Make Your Chocolate

In 2009 Mars committed to sourcing only certified cocoa by 2020 However when Examiner asked Mars why it should take until 2020 to certify their chocolate child slave free the company said that "a very small number of children is trafficked or forced to work on cocoa farms" that "reaching every one of the millions of cocoa farmers in West Africa is a difficult task" that ensuring

Demand for chocolate drives deforestation in West Africa

Apr 07 2011IBADAN Nigeria (7 April 2011)_Rampant deforestation and degradation of West Africa's tropical forest area is occurring due to the expansion of smallholder cocoa farms that depend on environmentally destructive practices like slash-and-burn and land clearing According to a new study by researchers at the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and the Center for

Demand for chocolate drives deforestation in West Africa

Apr 07 2011IBADAN Nigeria (7 April 2011)_Rampant deforestation and degradation of West Africa's tropical forest area is occurring due to the expansion of smallholder cocoa farms that depend on environmentally destructive practices like slash-and-burn and land clearing According to a new study by researchers at the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and the Center for

Wienco to Invest US$5M in Cocoa Production

Nov 11 2015"All over West Africa everybody is looking at Liberia in terms of cocoa production We have the land and our land is good for tree crops production Our target is to help our small farmers to improve and run this sector " Mr Antwi is craving for the establishment of a Liberian version of the AGM in the country where regional or county

CocoaCloud

Extension training and support along with capacity-building workshops optimize platform's use by farmers Improvements in extension services whether applied to agri-inputs general agronomy or early warning systems for extreme weather are increasing the productivity and climate resilience in the West African cocoa landscape

West Africa

The West Africa regional office's largest portfolio is cocoa Its most influential partners are the Ghana Cocobod and the Conseil du Caf Cacao in Cote d'Ivoire These partners continue to support Solidaridad to address sector policies and institutional frameworks to create a vibrant responsive and inclusive West African cocoa economy

Supporting smallholder farmers for a sustainable cocoa

Cocoa in West Africa is primarily produced by 1 8 to 2 million smallholder farmers Low income and poverty make farmers more vulnerable and limit their ability to invest in sustainable agricultural practices Cocoa smallholders suffer from low productivity due to poor land management aging and diseased trees and progressing climate change

Cocoa Farming Breakthrough in Ghana: Farmers Granted First

Mar 21 2018Ensuring tree tenure for West African cocoa farmers is key to preserving the productivity of their farms When growing timber trees on their land farmers can earn money by thinning trees halfway through the 25 to 30-year cocoa life cycle

Cocoa prices and income of farmers

Farmers stop investing in their farms they cut salaries cannot provide workers with proper working conditions and in the worst cases are prone to use child labour Hoping to increase their revenues they put more land under cocoa production often at the expense of

Variations in yield gaps of smallholder cocoa systems and

May 01 2020Further increase in cocoa production in the West African cocoa belt to meet global demand through land expansion is limited as land scarcity and strict regulation on cocoa deforestation (demand for deforestation free certified cocoa beans) currently persist

UVic news

Jan 29 2019"If we know where the cocoa beans originated we will know if the cocoa farm is committed to zero-deforestation practices " explains Carodenuto As it stands there are no publicly available maps of West Africa's cocoa farms And there is a long way to go in the struggle towards deforestation-free cocoa and chocolate

The Rainforest Alliance Launches Cocoa Assurance Plan in

Apr 29 2019The Rainforest Alliance remains committed to improving environmental and social issues on certified cocoa farms in West Africa We believe we have a shared responsibility along with other actors in the global supply chain to help bring the cocoa sector in West Africa to a more sustainable reality December 2019 Update

Tulane

Out of this 2 03 million children were found in hazardous work in cocoa production in Ghana and Cte d'Ivoire in 2013/2014 a Tulane University report reveals This is an increase of 18 percent compared to 2008/2009 Roughly 70 percent of the world's cocoa is grown in West Africa

Cocoa production in West Africa a review and analysis of

Dec 01 2015Pests and diseases cause major economic losses in cocoa This is particularly so in West Africa with its very large number of small and often isolated cocoa farms in which adequate pest and disease control is lacking 3 1 Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus Disease In all cocoa growing areas of West Africa the Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus Disease (CSSVD

Cocoa production in West Africa a review and analysis of

Dec 01 2015Pests and diseases cause major economic losses in cocoa This is particularly so in West Africa with its very large number of small and often isolated cocoa farms in which adequate pest and disease control is lacking 3 1 Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus Disease In all cocoa growing areas of West Africa the Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus Disease (CSSVD

Top 10 Cocoa Producing Countries

Sep 28 2018Some cocoa farmers from Ghana have taken to smuggling their cocoa to the Ivory Coast where cocoa is selling for almost 50 percent more With 835 466 tonnes grown in the West African nation that's a lot of smuggling to be done 1 – Cte d'Ivoire The Ivory Coast supplies 30 percent of the world's total cocoa leading the rest of the

Types Of Cocoa Characteristics and Parts Of the Cocoa Tree

Sep 03 2019We use it for selection of breeding varieties It is dominant planting material in cocoa production An example is the West African Amelonado It has quite an unpleasant flavour with a bitter taste Origin Peru Ecuador and Colombia and the Amazon basin in Brazil 2 Trinitario

Pests Diseases

Mirids are the major insects that affect cocoa worldwide In Ghana cocoa mirids have been recognized as a serious pest since 1908 due to their devastating effect The most common species in Ghana and West African countries are Distantiella theobroma and Sahlbergella singularis

Input Use Efficiency of Cocoa Farmers in Ondo State Nigeria

The study assessed the input use efficiency of cocoa farmers in Nigeria Simple random sampling technique was used to select 90 cocoa farmers from the state Structured questionnaire was used to collect information from the respondents Empirical analysis revealed that cocoa production is profitable with average gross revenue average gross margin and average net farm income of N722 827 N613

Guest Post: Blood chocolate

Sep 25 2018Cocoa is a vital economic sector in West Africa but climate change threatens to reduce the area suitable for its cultivation bringing with it a risk for mass migration and civil violence The West African Cocoa Belt is a region of coastal forest that skirts along the Gulf of Guinea from Cameroon all the way to Sierra Leone